Wi-Fi fingerprinting-based floor detection using adaptive scaling and weighted autoencoder extreme learning machine

Atefe Alitalesi, Hamid Jazayeriy, Javad Kazemitabar


In practical applications, accurate floor determination in multi-building/floor environments is particularly useful and plays an increasingly crucial role in the performance of location-based services. An accurate and robust building and floor detection can reduce the location search space and ameliorate the positioning and wayfinding accuracy. As an efficient solution, this paper proposes a floor identification method that exploits statistical properties of wireless access point propagated signals to exponent received signal strength (RSS) in the radio map. Then, using single-layer extreme learning machine-weighted autoencoder (ELM-WAE) main feature extraction and dimensional reduction is implemented. Finally, ELM based classifier is trained over a new feature space to determine floor level. For the efficiency evaluation of our proposed model, we utilized three different datasets captured in the real scenarios. The evaluation result shows that the proposed model can achieve state-of-art performance and improve the accuracy of floor detection compared with multiple recent techniques. In this way, the floor level can be identified with 97.30%, 95.32%, and 96.39% on UJIIndoorLoc, Tampere, and UTSIndoorLoc datasets, respectively.


Extreme learning machine autoencoder; Feature adaptive scaling; Floor detection; Wi-Fi fingerprinting

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/csit.v3i2.p104-115


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Computer Science and Information Technologies
ISSN: 2722-323X, e-ISSN: 2722-3221

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